Why do I need to take my prescribed medication for diabetes?

Incretin Mimetics

Incretin mimetics such as DDP-4 inhibitors and GLP-1 receptor agonists stimulate insulin release when glucose is absorbed after eating. Incretins also decrease gastric emptying and cause weight loss.

Please consult your doctor for any advice on usage of medication to manage diabetes.

Dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP-4) inhibitors

DDP-4 inhibitors such as sitagliptin and vidagliptin decrease the amount of fat in your blood after eating.

DDP-4 inhibitors have been demonstrated to improve cardiac function in diabetic patients.

Potential adverse effects of DDP-4 inhibitors include nasopharyngitis, upper respiratory tract infection and headache.

Please consult your doctor for any advice on usage of medication to manage diabetes.

Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists

GLP-1 receptor agonists include exenatide and liraglutide.

Most common side effect of exenatide is nausea. Exenatide should not be used in patients with severe renal impairment or end-stage renal disease.

Side effects of liraglutide include headache, constipation, tiredness heartburn, difficulty urinating or pain or burning on urination.

Please consult your doctor for any advice on usage of medication to manage diabetes.