Why do I need to take my prescribed medication for diabetes?

Biguanides

Biguanides such as Metformin are the first line of drug treatment for diabetes. Metformin is used to control blood glucose levels and may help with weight loss.

Metformin lowers blood glucose by reducing how much glucose your liver releases and by increasing your insulin sensitivity, which helps your body absorb more glucose from the blood stream.

Side effects of metformin include gastrointestinal irritation resulting in diarrhea, nausea, vomiting and cramps, and lactic acidosis. Metformin may cause vitamin B12 deficiency which can result in anaemia and neuropathy.

Metformin overdose may result in vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, hypoglycaemia or hyperglycaemia, drowsiness and tachycardia.

Please consult your doctor for any advice on usage of medication to manage diabetes.