Why do I need to take my prescribed medication for diabetes?

Your doctor will advise you on what medication to take and the dosage. It is important to follow the directions given by your doctor so that you experience the health benefits of any administered medication and avoid potential overdoses. Your doctor will tell you about potential side effects. Make sure to seek medical attention if you start experiencing any adverse effects. Please consult your doctor for any advice on usage of medication to manage diabetes.

Different medications work on different pathways to lower blood glucose level. Sometimes more than one medication may be needed.

The major classes of oral antidiabetic medications include:

  • Biguanides

  • Sulfonylureas

  • Meglitinide

  • Thiazolidinedione (TZD)

  • Sodium-glucose cotransporter (SGLT2) inhibitors

  • α-glucosidase inhibitors

  • Incretin mimetics such as Dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP-4) inhibitors and Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists